How much water does a person need per day?
Most agree on one gallon per day for drinking.
What about dishes, toilets, bathing, water balloons, squirt guns?
Minimum supply of water
___ gallons x ______ (number of people in household) = _____ gpd
Do not ration water. Drink what you need to remain hydrated!
Water may be stored in most any container. Heavy opaque glass or plastic is
best. Do not reuse the small clear plastic bottles from bottled water.
Ideas for storage:
2 liter soda bottles
Glass jars. - Careful of breakage
Collapsible 5 gallon containers. - May leak over time
Hard plastic 7 gallon containers - Good choice - Expensive in quantity
5 gallon buckets - Good overall choice
55 gallon plastic drums - Excellent, but heavy - must be able to siphon water
City water supply - As long as there is electricity and everything remains
Other storage ideas:
WATER TREATMENT PRIOR TO STORAGE
Note: Water does not go bad. It can become contaminated with chemicals and
bacteria or may over time go flat. One person I know stored water in 5 gallon
white buckets in his parent's basement. After 30 years the water had mild
algae, but was still drinkable, especially with filtration.
Water may be stored right from the faucet. A good idea is to rotate stored
water by using it to water gardens or houseplants. Containers can be drained
and filled once a year to ensure quality.
If you would like to treat water before storage for added safety you may use
bleach, colloidal silver or other commercially available products. City water
already has chlorine; adding bleach does not really help. Rotate your supplies
as needed and purify before drinking. (Methods of filtration and purification
below) ALTERNATIVE WATER
Water heater - Most water heaters hold 40 to 50 gallons of water. Make sure
you know how to safely retrieve this water. Remember, if the water supply
from the utility company goes down the water from your house, including your
water heater can be siphoned out, leaving you nothing. When the water is restored
contaminated water may be pumped back in. It is a good idea to turn the water
off at the street in a disaster.
Toilet tanks - Do not drink water in the bowl! (DUH!) Do not use the water
in the tank if chemical cleaners and dye have been used.
Stored can goods
Swimming pools and hot tubs - Used for hygiene only! - It is not recommended
that you drink water from these sources. Acids and foreign liquids may be
harmful. If this water is used it must be filtered.
Nearby streams, rivers or lakes - Treatment is essential.
Well - May not work without power unless backup pumping methods are in place.
Plants - A Transpiration Still is a good source of water.
Solar Still - Normally only works in moist climates where other sources are
Rain - One of the best sources. If you collect rainwater, remember to allow
the rain to wash debris and bird waste for at least ten minutes before collecting.
It is still a good idea to filter this water.
It is not possible to tell if water is drinkable by visual inspection!
Methods of water purification
Chlorine - Will remove most bacteria, but not chemicals. Chlorine is used
to kill living organisms. Last time I checked humans were living organisms.
Boiling - Boiling water for 3 to 5 minutes will kill most all bacteria. Boiling
will not remove chemicals.
Iodine tablets - Like boiling, iodine will kill bacteria but will not remove
Colloidal silver - Excellent method of removing bacteria, not chemicals.
Filtration - There are many filters available today. Most are not worth the
effort it takes to pick them up off the shelf. Granulated carbon is one of
the worst as it soon allows channels to form for water flow, thus defeating
OPINION: All household drinking water should be filtered. Bottled water is
not regulated and may not be pure. It is only as good as the integrity of
the person bottling it, a person you have never met.
I have used the British Berkefeld for home use. It's ceramic filter
system and gravity feed will purify the worst water without electricity. There
are many copy cats of this on the market today. Do your research.
A relative newcomer to water filtration is the Nikken company. Their
work in air and water purification is state of the art and goes way beyond
just purification and on to rebuilding the molecular structure of the water
during city purification processes. For more information go to www.nikken.com
or call Cynthia Mayes at 503 375 3700.
Katadyn is known as the standard in filters for backpacking, camping
and emergency use. They are not cheap, but think about the alternatives of
drinking contaminated water.
Never drink water you are not sure about unless it is the last option. Do
not drink salt water or water from sources such as small desert pools, which
have a white, residue around the edge. This is alkaline and will kill you.
If you drink contaminated water you will probably soon know it with symptoms
of diarrhea, vomiting or both. A natural cure for this is to build a fire
and wait for the wood to turn to coals. Allow a red hot coal about the size
of the end of your thumb to cool, then eatit. Continue this process ever 30
minutes until symptoms are passed.
Some bacteria's can lay domain for two or three weeks. Remember this if you
have flu like symptoms or cramping after a situation